四级考试阅读理解技巧(一)

来源:网络转载 责任编辑:栏目编辑 发表时间:2013-07-02 05:21 点击:
  四级阅读测试一般包括4篇文章的阅读,每篇后有5道选择题。这些的类型多种多样,但归纳起来大致可分为二大类,即全域型问题(Global Question)和局域型问题(Local Question ). Local Question一般涉及三方面内容:Subject Matter, Attitudr/Tone;Local Question 涉及:Supporting Details ,Inference, Vocabulary.以下,我们将针对四级考试的特点、出题范畴、出题方式等,根据这些问题在考试出题中的大致排列顺序,进行有步骤、有计划的分项应试技能训练。
       
        关于主题思想问题(Subject Matter)
       
         Subject Matter(SM中心思想)是作者在文章中要表达的的主要内吼是贯穿全文的核心。作者在文章中努力通过各种Supporting Details来阐明中心议题。因此,把握主要思想对于全文内听理解具有重要意义。熟悉四级测试的人都知道,这类问题常被列为5题之首。然而,如何找出主题常使考生倍感棘手。因为他们总希望通过某个词或某句话就能找到答案,而找主题往往需要通读全文后才能作出判断。
       
        针对SM问题,应采用快速阅读法(Skimming)浏览全文,理解文章主旨大意,阅读时要注意抓住中心思想的句子在文章中的位置也不同,但阅读时,文章的开头、结尾及段落的段首句和段尾句特别重要,因为他们往往名包含文章的中心议题(SM)。
       
        根据批发部在内容的不同,这类问题可分杰主题型、标题型和目的型 。主题型一目了然就是找中心(Main Idea);标题型是为文章选择标题(Title);目的型就是推断作者的写作意图(Purpose).
       
        这类题常见的命题方式有:
       
        (1) What is the main idea (subject) of this passage ?
        (2) What does this passage mainly (primarily)concerned ?
        (3) The main theme of this passage is ___________.
        (4) The main point of the passage is__________.
        (5) Which of the following is the best title for the passage ?
        (6) The title that best expresses the theme of the passage is ___________.
        (7) On which of the following subject would the passage most likely be found in a textbook ?
        (8) The purpose of the writer in writing this passage _________.
        (9) Which of the following best describes the passage as a whole ?
        1. 关于主题型
       
        Example 1:
       
         Oceanography has been defined as "The application of all sciences to the study of the sea "Before the nineteenth century ,scientists with an interest in the sea were few and far between .Certainly Newton considered some theoretical aspects of it in his writings ,but he was reluctant to go to sea to further his work .


       
        For most people the sea was remote , and with the exception of early intercontinental travelers or others , who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it ,let alone to what lay beneath the surface ,The first time that the question "What is at the bottom of oceans "? had to be answered with any commercial consequence was when the laying of a telegraph cable from Europe to America was proposed. The engineers had to know the depth profile( 轮廓)of the route to estimate the length of cable that had to be manufactured.
       
    发表评论
    请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
    用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
    最新评论 更多>>

    推荐热点

    • 新东方:大学英语四级考试阅读讲义(四十三)
    • 四级考试阅读理解命题规律应试技巧4
    • 英语四级模拟:别让快速阅读成“绊脚石”
    • 四六级考试阅读理解命题规律应试技巧(下)
    • 08年6月英语六级听力答案(北京新东方版)
    • 《新东方四级30天90分》学习笔记阅读(二)
    • 新东方四级Flash阅读(李传伟)笔记(十)
    网站首页 - 友情链接 - 网站地图 - TAG标签 - RSS订阅 - 内容搜索
    Copyright © 2008-2015 计算机技术学习交流网. 版权所有

    豫ICP备11007008号-1