四六级考试阅读理解命题规律应试技巧(下)

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3、引用人物论断处常考
作者为了正确表达出自己观点或使论点更有依据,常常引用某名人的论断或重要发现等。命题者常在此作文章。多以"推理性"题为主,有时也出"细节事实性"题型。
例1."There is a senseless notion that children grew up and leave home when they're 18, and the truth is far from that,"says sociologist Larry Bumpers of the University of Wisconsin….
Q: There was apparently a trend in the USA ________ .
(A) for young adults to leave their parents and live independently.
(B) For middle class young adults to stay with their parents.
(C) For married young adults to move back home after a lengthy absence.
(D) For going adults to get jobs nearby in order to live with their parents.
(分析:选A项。属推理题。作者引用的这句话意思是:"孩子长到18岁时应离开父母去独立生活的概念是没有道理的,而事实情况也并非如此。"而题干问:过去在美国显然有一种什么趋势。考生通过细心推断引文,便能选中A项:年轻的成年人应该离开父母而去独立生活。)
例2.…"people cheat on their sleep, and they don't even realize they're doing it,"says Dr.David."They think they're okay because they can get by on 6.5 howler, when they really need 7.5 , eight or even more to feel ideally rigorous."(见《分册》P12页例3) 本文来自
(分析:选B项。属判断推理题。文章讲成千上万涌进美国的富有者与那个巴西生物学家一样,他们在购物时只管刷卡?quot;just use our credit cards.")而根本不做预算("don't have a hudget"),可推断出他们这类人是"根本不管花多少钱的。"即B项内容。)
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